If you are writing a thesis or dissertation, you will have to compose the methods you used for research. The methodology chapter will explain what you did in your research and how you did it. This will also help readers to find the validity of your research or they may feel more motivated to read it.
So, your methodology in the research proposal example must include:
The research type you did
From where you have collected the data.
How you are analyzing your data
What are the tools or references you took to help?
Why you chose these methods
The methodology section in your research should be written in the past tense. Also, before you start writing, do read the guidelines provided by your university and stick to those specific guidelines.
Step 1: Discuss Your Methodological Strategy
Start writing by introducing your research approach and what problem or issue you have investigated. For instance, whether you have described the features of something on an under-research topic or whether you have established a cause and effect relationship. And, most importantly what type of data you are aiming to achieve?
Step 2: Define Your Methods of Data Collection
After you have introduced the methodological approach, now you should mention the full details of your data.
Collect quantitative data for a valid result and describe your methods of the research in detail so that other researcher can gather some data for their study.
Here you should reflect your approach more as the methods are more flexible and subjective. You can explain some choices that you have made.
Step 3: Define Your Methods of Study
Now you can indicate and tell how you have processed and analyzed your data. Avoid going into so much detail as you are not presenting or discussing the results here.
The quantitative approach of your research will include numbers and data and you might include:
How you developed the data before analyzing such as check any missing data, change the variables, etc.
Mention the software you used to analyze data such as SPSS, Stata or R.
Which statistical tests you have used in your data such as t-test, simple linear, etc.
Your analysis largely depends upon your language, images, observations, etc. You must include:
Do content analysis such as the number of words, phrases, sentences etc.
Examine coding and data in your research.
Study the description of the research and find meaning in your social context.
Step 4: Verify Your Methodological Decisions
After completing your methodology, you should make a case study and mention why you choose these methods and also discuss why other methods were not appropriate. You can show a collective approach, new information or perception.
Tip - While discussing your approach, you can acknowledge the limitations and weakness of your approach along with strengths that overpower that weakness.
With these steps, you can easily create the best methodology in the research proposal example.